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来自东南亚的观赏食用“变色瓜”

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来自东南亚的观赏食用“变色瓜”

发布日期:2018-04-09 作者:众创兴农 点击:

变色瓜

变色瓜也称金芒果瓜、彩瓜,俗称老鼠瓜,为葫芦科一年生草本植物,原产印度、马来西亚一带,观赏食用兼得,株结瓜30-50个,单瓜重350-600克,幼瓜白带绿花纹,远看如一只只老鼠,所以称老鼠瓜,有黄、橙、红等色,红色为成熟,剥开外皮,里面是一粒粒红玛瑙般的果实,入口滑嫩清爽,有补血健胃之作用丰大彩票app下载。嫩瓜食用味道好,炒菜或做汤口味清香。变色瓜是一种非常新奇的瓜菜,特别适宜在科技园区和庭院种植,观赏食用兼得。

变色瓜
变色瓜

BIANSEGUAGENXITEBIEFADA,MANZHANG6~8MI,SHENGZHANGSHITEBIEWANGSHENG,YESHENLVSE,LIANGMIANMISHENGRONGMAO,ZHANGZHUANG,YEMAIFANGSHEZHUANG。

丰大彩票app下载CIXIONGTONGZHUYIHUA,YINCIJIEGUALVTEQIANG,GUAXINGQITE,LIANGTOUJIANZHONGDUANCU,GUAPIYIBAILVWEIZHU,JIANYOULVSEXITIAOWEN,GUOROUBAISE,DANGUOZHONG200~300KE,NENGUASHIYONGWEIDAOHAO,CHAOCAIHUOZUOTANG,KOUWEIQINGXIANG。LIUZHONGCHENGSHUDEZHONGGUASECAIHONGYAN,JINGJIUBULUO,FEICHANGMEILI。

丰大彩票app下载BIANSEGUACHANLIANGQIGAO,DANZHUKEJIEGUO200~300GE,ZHONGSHANG2~3ZHUQUANJIASHIZHIBUJIN,JIEGUOQIZHANGDA4~5GEYUE。

BIANSEGUASHIYINGXINGQIANG,DUIGUANGZHAOYAOQIUBUYAN,NAIGAOWEN,NAIGANHAN,ZHONGGUONANBEIJUNKEZHONGZHI,MEINIAN2~6YUEJUNKEBOZHONG,DUITURANGSHIYINGXINGHENGUANG,DANYIPAISHUILIANGHAODESHARANGTUHUOZHANRANGTUWEIYI。XUDAGAOJIAPENGZHONGZHI,MUZAI300ZHU,MUCHANWANJINYISHANG。

变色瓜
变色瓜

ZHONGZHIJISHU

选地与整地

丰大彩票app下载BIANSEGUADEGENXISHENGZHANGQIANGJIAN,DUITURANGYAOQIUBUYAN,DANYISHARANGTUHUORANGTUSHANGSHENGZHANGSHIYI,HAOYOUPEITAODESHUILISHESHI。QIANCHAYIXIAOMAI、YUMI、DADOU、MALINGSHUDENGCHAKOUWEIHAO,TONGYIDIKUAISHANGZHONGZHIBIANSEGUAZHISHAOJIANGESANNIAN。XUANDISHIYIDINGYAONONGQINGQIANCHAZUOWUSHIFOUYONGGUOCANLIUQIZHANGDECHUCAOJI,JINFANGYAOHAI。JIANGXUANHAODEDIKUAIJINXINGQIUSHENFAN,GENGSHEN20-23LIMI,SHITURANGSHUHUA,JIXUSHUIFEN,DONGSIBUFENHAICHONGHECHONGLUAN。JIEHEZHENGDIQILONG,MEIMUSHIFUSHUDENONGJIAFEI1500-2000GONGJIN,YOUTIAOJIANZAOCHUNDINGLINGPA、MO、QILONG、ZHENYALIANXUZUOYE。

变色瓜
变色瓜

催芽播种

丰大彩票app下载DATIANZHONGZHIBIANSEGUAKECAIYONGJIXIELVSHUIZHONG,FANGZHIGANZIZHIBOER“FENZI”。

1、CUIYA:ZAIBOZHONGQIAN2-3TIAN,JIANGZHONGZIFANGRU50℃RESHUIZHONGBUDUANJIAOBAN,JINPAO10-15FENZHONG,DANGSHUIWENJIANGZHI30℃ZUOYOUSHI,JINPAO6-8XIAOSHILAOCHU,YONGSHISHABUBAOHAO,WENDUKONGZHIZAI25℃JINXINGCUIYA,MEITIANYONG30℃WENSHUIPIAOXIYICI。DANGFAYALVDA80%,YAZHANGZHI1-2HAOMIJIKEBOZHONG。

2、BOZHONG:10LIMIGENGCENGDIWENWENDING8-10℃SHIWEIJIABOQI,HUOZAIDANGDIZHONGSHUANGQIAN3-5TIANBOZHONG。MUSHILINSUANERAN20GONGJIN,LIUSUANJIA5GONGJINZUOZHONGFEI。BOZHONGFANGFAWEI:XINGJU65-70LIMI,ZHUJU70-80LIMI,MUBAOMIAOZAI1300ZHUZUOYOU。CUOWODIANBO,BAOWOSHI,KENGYAODAXIE、SHENXIE,MEIWOSHIHUAFEIJISHAOLIANGSHACHONGJI(RUJIABANLIN),JIAOSHUIHOUMEIWODIANJINGCUIYACHULIGUODEZHONGZI2-3LI。ZHONGZIPINGFANG,LIYUGENXIXIAZHA,SHANGFUXITU1CUN(3.3LIMI)ZUOYOU,SHAOZHENYA。

栽培繁殖

丰大彩票app下载BIANSEGUASHIYINGXINGQIANG,FANZHONGYOUNANGUA、HULULEIDIQUJUNKEZHONGZHI,ZAIPEIFANGFAYUDANGDIGUALEIXIANGTONG,YIDAJIAZAIPEICHANLIANGGAO,GUANSHANGXINGHAO,MEINIAN2-6YUEJUNKEBOZHONG,MUCHANWANJINYISHANG,KEZIJILIUZHONG。 BIANSEGUAKEPENZAI,XUANYONG30-40LIMIDEJIAODAHUAPENZAIZHONG,ZAIPENNEIDAJIA,YEKEZAIYANGTAISHANGLAJITIAOLVSHENGRENQIPANYUAN。YINPENZAIZHIZHUDEGENXITUANYONGZAIYIQI,FEILIAOSHUIFENDOUYOUXIAN,YINCI,XUJINGCHANGJIAOSHUISHIFEI。PENTUKEYONGSHIWAIZACAOSHENGZHANGLIANGHAOCHUDETURANG,ZUIHAOSHISHARANGTU,JIAXIESHUXIADEFUYETU,LINGJIAFUSHUDEBINGFEI,YUEZHANTURANGTIJIDE2-3%,BUNENGDUO,YIFANGSHAOMIAO。YEYONGHUASHISHANGSHOUDEHUATUJIA40-50%DESHAZHIRANGTUHUNYONG,PENKONGDIANWAPIAN,PENKOULIU3LIMIJIAOSHUIKOU。

变色瓜

变色瓜可先用小盆育苗,也可直接点播,变色瓜种皮比较厚,好先在水种浸泡24-48小时,种子吸透水,可早出苗。小盆育苗便于管理,待小苗长出一对真叶后,连苗带土捧出移入大盆或露地,这样的苗移栽时根系未受到任何的伤害,极易成活。小苗在5-8叶期出现卷须,开始缠绕,此时可打尖,促发侧枝。变色瓜缠绕后生长加速,枝叶猛增,营养消耗大,应及时补充营养,除勤浇水外,可10-15天浇一次0.5%的复合化肥或稀饼肥水,叶面喷0.3%的磷酸二氢钾。

丰大彩票app下载BIANSEGUARULUDIZAIPEI,ZHIYAODAYIGEJIA,SHIZUJIFEI,PINGSHIZAIHANSHIJIAODIANSHUIJIUKEYI,JIEGUOQIKEJIADIANZHUIFEI,BUXUDUOSHAOGUANLIJIUKEZHANGDEHENHAO。

变色瓜
变色瓜

应用价值

丰大彩票app下载BIANSEGUAGUANSHANGSHIYONGJIANDE。DANZHUJIEGUA30~50GE,DANGUAZHONG350~600KE,YOUGUABAISEDAILVHUAWEN,FEICHANGPIAOLIANG,YUANKANRUYIZHIZHILAOSHUGUAZAITENGSHANG,GUYOUMINGLAOSHUGUA。CHENGSHUGUAWEIHONGSE。NENGUAZUOCAIKOUWEIQINGXIANG,CHENGSHUSHIBOKAIWAIPI,LUCHUYILILISIXIANRENMANAODEGUOSHI,RUKOUHUANENQINGTIAN,YOUBUXUE、JIANWEI、RUNHOUZHIGONGXIAO。

变色瓜


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